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Raport "Container Volumes and Terminal Capacity in the Mediterranean"

Informacje firmowe, 2012-09-27
Review of the publication "Container Volumes and Terminal Capacity in the Mediterranean", issued by Dynamar B.V., Alkmaar, The Netherlands.

Dynamar has just issued its latest report in the Ports and Terminals series, titled "Container Volumes and Terminal Capacity in the Mediterranean". Salient details and some interesting findings of the new report are discussed here below.

Down and up
The September 2009 collapse of Lehman Bros turned financial turmoil into a worldwide economic crisis culminating in a global downturn of the container trades of proportions not seen before. Container terminal capacity, which had become tight everywhere, quickly turned into overcapacity across the world, including the Mediterranean. Expansion plans became subject to demand and new projects were delayed, postponed or cancelled altogether. Valuations of port companies tumbled from their excessive heights of just a few years ago.

The recovery started earlier than expected and exceeded both carriers' and ports' wildest expectations. In two years' time, container volumes between the Mediterranean and the Far East increased by 38% to 7.2 million TEU in 2011. In the smaller Med-US trade, it was 20% to 1.83 million TEU.

Present volumes and terminals
If including transhipment and empties, the Far East and USA trades together, the two main East-West trades connecting with the Mediterranean were responsible for some 20 million TEU of Mare Internum port container handlings last year. Therewith, the two made up for 43% of the total 47 million TEU throughput at all 42 ports across the Mediterranean accommodating Far East and North America services.

This report provides identically structured profiles of all 98 container terminals in these 42 ports. In 2011, the existing box facilities there offered 72 kilometres quay length, equipped with 440 ship-to-shore container gantries plus some 120 mobile harbour cranes to load and discharge the ships. Their joint annualised capacity was 70 million TEU while they handled a combined container volume of nearly 47 million TEU.

Present terminals in the South European part of the West Mediterranean hold a share of 45% of the total capacity with the facilities in the five Levant countries coming second with 19%, equal to 13.5 million TEU.

Expansion and new projects
Expansion of existing terminals and new projects are to add another 46 million TEU capacity over the ten years 2012 through to 2021. By the latter year, the overall annualised container handling capacity in the same ports may have reached 114 million TEU, an increase of 63%. The question of course is whether the container trades will keep pace with this growth. For the combined Mediterranean-Far East and North America box routes the increase was 133% over the past 10 years, so ...

However, new greenfield, brownfield and even bluefield container terminals are in the planning too in other ports across the Mediterranean. All told, there are 31 projects and intentions with individual capacities ranging from 400,000 TEU up to 3 million TEU, most of them to be launched in phases. The time span within which they may come to the market is between 2013 and 2030. The bluefield project concerns an offshore container terminal to be built in the Upper-Adriatic, just a few nautical miles outside of the Venice Lagoon.

Dynamic Turkey
But the largest share of new capacity is to be developed in Turkey, currently the strongest growing Mediterranean economy. Out of the minimum seven new terminal projects in this country, four quite large ones with a combined ultimate capacity for 7.4 million TEU are effectively being built on the shores of the near internal Sea of Marmara. If all built out, those will increase by nearly 80% the current capacity of the no less than eleven/11 existing facilities there, already handling containers.

On the Aegean coast, Izmir has long been the single Turkish box port. Since late 2009, its terminal, suffering from under-investment, is facing competition from two new facilities in Aliaga/Nemrut Bay 50 kilometres to the north. One of those is equipped with exclusive, if not rare, double-boom ship-to-shore container gantry cranes. The development of a third Nemrut Bay terminal, to be operated by APM Terminals, is bound to start. The building of Çandarli, yet another new, nearby Aegean port was kicked off in mid-2010.

By 2023, when the Turkish Republic is to celebrate its 100-year existence, the country's overall container port capacity should have reached 30 million TEU to handle the 80% going by sea of its expected USD 500 billion foreign trade. In 2011, the figures were USD 135 billion (trade) and 11 million (TEU capacity), while currently 16 million TEU new terminal capacity is underway or in the planning.

International and Global Terminal Operators
It is not local companies only operating container terminals in the Mediterranean, to the contrary. The top ten Global Terminal Operators as well as another eight international stevedores hold stakes of between 18% and 100% in more than 50 terminals. Such a penetration can definitely be considered an endorsement of the importance and viability of the Mediterranean port and terminal industry as well as the area's trade potential.

Big ships sailing into small Seas
Also in the Mediterranean there is the issue of ever larger ships built faster than the port and terminal industry that has to handle them. This in particular goes for the Ultra Large Container Ship of over 10,000 TEU, which has proven to be the most economical for the carriers to operate, if fully loaded. Exactly 100 ULCS are deployed in 10 of the 32 shipping services connecting Mediterranean ports with those in the Far East. As may be expected, most of them call at the large Gibraltar Straits, central West Med and Suez Canal hubs, some also serve the major West (Europe) Med gateways.

However, it may come as a surprise that every week a 14,000 TEU ULCS sails all the way through the Dardanelles into the Sea of Marmara to serve one terminal in the Istanbul/Ambarli area and another one at Izmit Bay. The present average capacity of all box vessels sailing between the Mediterranean and the Far East is 8,400 TEU - to/from North America it is a more manageable, for the average Med port facility, 4,100 TEU.

Issued 15 September 2012, CONTAINER THROUGHPUT & TERMINAL CAPACITY in the Mediterranean is Dynamar's latest publication and all about the volume of container trade in all countries bordering the Mediterranean and the current status of actual and planned container terminal capacity there. It complements Dynamar's earlier in 2012 published study Intra-Mediterranean Container Trades.

The report provides historic (2002-2011) throughput in all ports across six Mediterranean sub-regions that are the subject of calls by container services with the Far East and North America, as well as a 10-year (2012-2021) forecast, all per port, per country and per specific area.

This is compared with the current container terminal capacity in the same ports and all planned and intended expansions and projects in those ports and in some potentially alternative or complementary outlets.

Features of CONTAINER THROUGHPUT & TERMINAL CAPACITY in the Mediterranean include:
- Identical, compact profiles and overviews of nearly 95 existing terminals - 40 expansions - 30 new projects - 10 intentions in around 65 different ports and more than 20 countries across the Med
o Profiled data: Terminal name - operator - location - surface - quay length - depth alongside - number and outreach category of Ship-to-Shore container gantries - mobile harbour cranes - annualised TEU capacity - 2011 TEU handlings - notes - expansion plans
- 2012/2021 status, annual development and forecast of terminal capacity
- 2002/2021 historic and forecast port container throughput
- 5-year TEU throughput of all Mediterranean ports (more than 51 million TEU in 2011!)
- 5-year full TEU volumes Mediterranean-Far East trade (country/country)
- 5-year full TEU volumes Mediterranean-North America trade (country/country)
- All Mediterranean-Far East and North America container services
o Profiled data: Trade name - carrier(s) - frequency - full port roundtrip - number and TEU capacity of ships - notes, if any
- Mediterranean ports of call analyses for both main East-West trades
- Complete overview of all facilities in dynamic Turkey and all Black Sea countries
- Historic and forecast GDP growth and population per country
- Transhipment shares of the 13 main hubs and associated feeder volumes
- Overview of all new terminal projects an intentions
- International and Global Terminal Operators' Mediterranean presence assessment

CONTAINER THROUGHPUT & TERMINAL CAPACITY in the Mediterranean is immediately available and can be ordered for direct download under the link or by contacting Dynamar B.V.
Prices (ex VAT) are as follows:
- PDF: EUR 635
- Printed/bound by priority surface mail: EUR 655
- PDF & printed/bound: EUR 700
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